English language learning: Grammar, Composition, Vocabulary & Pronunciation
A word which gives information about noun or pronoun is called adjective. For example;
In the above examples the italicized words are adjectives because they talk something about subjects, e.g. [tall] is the characteristic of he, similarly [intelligent] stand for Susan and so on.
Since adjective is the quality of noun or pronoun and quality varies in degrees, therefore adjective has three degrees which are as follows;
Positive is the simple adjective or the quality in which you are not comparing one thing to other nor you are presenting one thing as the best or worst, like;
Comparative, as the name indicates, is the kind of adjective in which we compare one thing to other in its quality, like; better, smaller, more beautiful, heavier etc. After using comparative adjective the word [than] is used like;
Superlative is that degree of adjective in which we are placing one thing as the best in particular quality than all others. before superlative degree definite article [the] is used. For example;
|small||smaller (than)||(the) smallest|
|good||better (than)||(the) best|
|few||fewer (than)||(the) fewest|
|much||more (than)||(the) most|
One sound is called syllable, like;
Adjective is treated differently with the number of syllables in comparative and superlative cases.
Whenever there is one syllable –er and –est is used at the end of the word like;
In case of TWO syllables if the word ends on –y we use –ier and –iest at the end of words to make comparative and superlative degrees otherwise we have to use –er and –est. like;
In case of THREE or more syllables more and most is used to make comparative and superlative degrees. like;
Such one-syllable adjectives which change in spellings and pronunciation while converting into comparative and superlative degrees are called irregular whereas all the others are regular and only –er and –est is needed to convert them.