English language learning: Grammar, Composition, Vocabulary & Pronunciation
Sentences that express sudden emotions of joy, surprise, pain and sorrow are called exclamatory sentences. In order to convert them into indirect speech just follow the directions below.
All the rules we have read in the previous chapter of simple sentences are applies, e.g.
Changes in the tense of reported speech.
Changes in the modal operators.
Changes in time and place.
If you want to read again you must go to direct and indirect: simple sentences.
Since exclamatory are the different sentences in function than simple affirmative and negative sentences so there will be some extra changes in them as explained below.
It is important that the verb of reporting speech is changes in accordance with the nature of reported speech. See the table below for more details.
Nature of reported speech
Converted verb of reporting speech
|Sentence expressing pleasure
||exclaim with joy|
|Sentence expressing wonder||exclaim with wonder / surprise|
|Sentence expressing sorrow||exclaim with sorrow|
He said, “Oh! It’s a bad news.”
He exclaimed with sorrow that it was a bad news.
She said; “Alas! Those days are no more.”
She exclaimed with sorrow that those days were no more.
Interjection and sign of exclamation is replaced in indirect speech because the verb of reporting speech is doing the same function and there is no need to use it now. Above examples may be considered.
When commas are removed in indirect speech two clauses are joined by the conjunction [that]. That is also called demonstrative but here it functions as conjunction because it joins dependent clause (reporting speech) with independent clause (reported speech).
Note: Remember, when [that] acts like demonstrative, like; that book, that house, it is called determiner (as already explained in parts of speech section).
She said, “What a wonderful weather is this.”
She exclaimed with joy that the weather was wonderful.
He said to me, “Wow! You too are here.”
He exclaimed with joy that I too was there.
Jones said, “Oh God! I cannot expect this.”
Jones exclaimed with sorrow that he could not expect that.
He said, “What a wonderful painting is this.”
He exclaimed with wonder that the painting was wonderful.
Peter said, “Wow! Where have you been for ten
Peter exclaimed with wonder that where had he been for ten long years.