Adverb is the word which tells us about verb in a sentence. For example;
She is speaking loudly.
In the above sentence the word [loudly] is related to speaking. Since speaking is the verb therefore [loudly] is an adverb. Similarly there may be many other examples, like;
Mostly adverb is with –ly at the end of the word but it is not always the case, for example, in “yours sincerely” or “yours obediently” the words sincerely and obediently are not adverbs for they don’t indicate verb rather they stand for the writer (as the word yours indicate) and therefore the words are adjectives despite having –ly at the end. Similarly in a sentence “Train is late” verb is missing yet the word [late] stands not for the train but for the arriving of the train. Therefore the word [late] is adverb even in the absence of any verb in a sentence. In short adverb has only one identity that it stands for verb.
Degrees of adverb
Adverb may have degrees quite like adjective. like;
Similarly there are other ways to change the degree of adverbs like;
Kinds of adverb
Adverb has FOUR basic kinds.
It is that type of adverb which is related to time, like; soon, rarely, often, seldom, always, tonight, yesterday etc.
It is the type of adverb that is related to place, like; there, upstairs, behind, below etc.
This is an adverb which is related to manner of verbal action, like; hastily, foolishly, gladly, badly, slowly, carefully etc.
Since frequency means the
number of times certain event or thing occurs, therefore
adverbs of frequency are; often, seldom, rarely,
frequently, usually, regularly etc