In the previous chapter of kernel clauses we have learnt what is object, and now we have to talk about object oriented kinds of sentences.
There are FIVE kinds of sentences that are determined by the use of object
- Mono transitive
- Complex transitive
Any sentence which has only one object is called mono transitive, like;
- I am reading an interesting novel.
Object: an interesting novel.
- They gave me a gift.
Di-transitive are those sentences which carry two objects (direct and indirect), like;
- He taught us English.
Direct object: English
Indirect object: us
- You must ask him for assignment.
Direct object: assignment
Indirect object: him
Any sentence which has both object and predicative complement is called complex transitive, like,
- Everyone considers Einstein a genius.
Predicative complement: genius
- I thought him a detective.
Predicative complement: detective
Intransitive are those sentences which have neither object nor predicative complement, like,
- He has gone.
- You can go now.
Copulative sentences have already been defined in previous chapters. Subjective predicative complement is used here along with copulas and no main verb, like;
- He is an interesting person.
- Is he mad?
Function oriented types of sentences
A sentence, according to function has FOUR different kinds which are as follows;
- Affirmative sentence
simple sentence which is neither negative nor interrogative.
Example: it was an interesting story.
- Interrogative sentence
sentence with question.
Example: What are you doing here?
- Imperative sentence
which contains order, advice or suggestion.
Example: Don't go there.
- Exclamatory sentence
exclamation of emotions accompanied by sign of exclamation.
Example: What a wonderful weather!