Articles are determiners used for the specific purposes in a sentence as defined in this chapter.
Kinds of Articles
There are TWO kinds of articles;
Definite Article (the)
[the] is the definite article and it has the following functions;
i. Definite article (the) is used with anything that has already been mentioned in the context. It means whenever you are using it with any noun or pronoun it stands for specific person or thing not for all of them.
Look at the following sentence.
Now think what is wrong with it. this sentence is wrong because the boy is specific, the one that belongs to mathematics class so we have to use “the boy” instead of “boy”, therefore the right sentence is,
ii. Definite article (the) is used with the superlative degree of adjective.
iii. Definite article (the) is used with geographical regions and oceans etc.
Pronunciation of Definite article (the)
Definite article (the) is pronounced in two different ways. Sometimes it is pronounced as /thi/ and sometimes /tha/. Whenever it is used before vowel sound it is pronounced as /thi/, like;
When Definite article (the) is used before consonant sound it is pronounced as /tha/, like;
Remember when pronounced as /thi/ it last sound is long vowel /i:/ whereas /tha/, in linking, is pronounced rather quickly and there is no long vowel in it.
Indefinite Article (a, an)
There are two indefinite articles; a and an. Their common function is to indicate the singularity of anything. [a] is used before consonant sound whereas [an] is used before vowel sound.
The concept of vowels and consonants
Remember, vowel and consonants are not letters they are sounds, for example;
The main difference between vowel and consonant sound
As it is already mentioned that only the sound is either vowel or consonant not the letters. Now the question stands what is the basic difference between them? There is only one major difference between vowel and consonant sound.
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