Sentences that express sudden emotions of joy, surprise, pain and sorrow are called exclamatory sentences.
In order to convert them into indirect speech just follow the directions below.
All the rules we have read in the previous chapter of simple sentences are applies, e.g.
Changes in the tense of reported speech.
If you want to read again you must go to direct and indirect: simple sentences.
Since exclamatory are the different sentences in function than simple affirmative and negative sentences so there will be some extra changes in them as explained below.
Change in the verb of reporting speech
It is important that the verb of reporting speech is changes in accordance with the nature of reported speech.
See the table below for more details.
He said, “Oh! It’s a bad news.”
She said; “Alas! Those days are no more.”
Interjection and sign of exclamation
Interjection and sign of exclamation is replaced in indirect speech because the verb of reporting speech is doing the same function and there is no need to use it now.
Above examples may be considered.
When commas are removed in indirect speech two clauses are joined by the conjunction [that].
That is also called demonstrative but here it functions as conjunction because it joins dependent clause (reporting speech) with independent clause (reported speech).
Note: Remember, when [that] acts like demonstrative, like; that book, that house, it is called determiner (as already explained in parts of speech section).
She said, “What a wonderful weather
He said to me, “Wow! You too are
Jones said, “Oh God! I cannot expect
He said, “What a wonderful painting
Peter said, “Wow! Where have you
been for ten long years?”
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