The mood of the verb in a sentence showing order, request or advice is called imperative sentence. Changes in imperative sentences are a bit different that the rest of narrations. It is because of the fact that imperative sentence is made in a different way than other sentences or as we have read in the portion of tenses. Sometimes just a verb completes the requirement of being imperative, like; speak, go, etc.
The verb of reporting speech (say or said) is converted according to the nature of reported speech. Look at the following examples;
When commas are removed in indirect speech
Preposition to is used with all sentences instead of that.
Examples of sentences with request
He said to me, “May I have your address please.”
She said, “Will you please give me two days’
Aimee says to me, “Will you please tell me the topic
of your speech.”
Examples of sentences with order
Captain said, “Open the fire.”
Our English teacher said, “Don’t shout in
He said to us, “Don’t be late.”
In common routine the verb [ask] is used because order is something official in spirit. Ask can also be used for request. In both cases preposition to is replaced by for.
He said, “Give me the book.”
He asked for a book.
She said, “please do me a favour.”
She asked for favour
Examples of advice
Remember the word advice is noun and its verb is advise and you are advised to use verb (advise). See the examples below.
My mother said to me, “Be true to yourself always.”
Coach said, “Play with enthusiasm and wining spirit.”
She said to us, “your behaviour must be acceptable.”
Note: You might have noticed that the indirect speech of imperative sentences is a bit different than the previous ones as mentioned in above examples. There is no problem in the verb of reported speech. You have to apply your common sense to make indirect speech.
In negative imperative sentences we use the verb forbid instead of advise not to and suggest not to etc. Although we can use them but the sentence is rather more appropriate with the verb forbid. Look at the examples.
Examples with forbid
He said to me, “Do not go there.”
She said to him, “Do not make tall claims”