of an optative sentence is to express wish, prayer or preference.
They are on of the easiest narrations like imperatives.
In order to convert any optative sentence into indirect
speech just follow the directions below.
The verb of reporting speech (say) is changed in accordance with the nature of the reported speech which shall be as follows;
Use of conjunction
While converting a sentence into indirect speech when commas are removed the conjunction [that] or preposition [to] is used.
Use of sign of exclamation
Expressing wish or prayer is largely conventional and least backed by strong sense of emotions. In that case there is full stop at the end of the reported speech (in direct narrations). On other way round if wish or prayer is meant to have the strong feelings then it is necessary that it must end on sign of exclamation (!) than full stop or period.
Mother said to her son, “I wish
you every success in life!”
He said to me, “May you succeed
in your mission.”
Use of sign of exclamation (!) augments feelings therefore sometimes it makes a big change in the verb of reporting speech in indirect narrations so that it also show the strength of feelings.
He said, “Let’s go for a party!”
Note: here the phrase (strongly desired) is used because of sign of exclamation (!) in reported speech of direct narration; because it augments the desire so does the phrase (strongly desired).
The words used in reported speech for desire or prayer
Desire and prayer have different expressions and they are used in reported speech of direct narrations, like;
Words to express desire: let’s and if only
Words to express prayer: may
(See the examples of prayer of wish below)
Use of modal operator
Prayers start with modal operator (may) and if reporting speech is in past tense the past form of modal operator (might) shall be used while converting a sentence into indirect speech.
Examples of prayer
She said to me, “May God bless you.”
His grandmother said to him, “May
you live long.”
She said, “May God reward you.”
He said, “May you get through your
exam with good marks.”
Examples of wish
He said, “If only I were rich I
could have lived what I desire.”
She said, “Let’s go to the
That can also be converted like,
She asked to go to the market.
But that doesn’t show desire